Two Names, One Meaning
Minnesota is a mid-western U.S. state bordering Canada and Lake Superior, the largest of the Great Lakes. Whereas Winnipeg is the capital of the Canadian province of Manitoba. These two names, Minnesota and Winnipeg, in two different countries, have the same meaning. Minnesota means “murky water” in Sioux. Winnipeg means “murky water” in Cree.
No Peace in Sumer!
Sumer was the first urban civilization in the historical region of southern Mesopotamia, modern-day southern Iraq, during the Chalcolithic and Early Bronze ages, and arguably one of the first civilizations in the world, along with Ancient Egypt and the Indus Valley. Initially, Sumer was simply a collection of city-states that spoke similar languages and worshiped a similar pantheon. Each city controlled some agricultural land around it. As the citystates grew, so did the potential for border conflicts. In one instance, Lagash and Umma were fighting for 200 years!
First X-ray Victim
The first known human to be killed by X-rays was Clarence Dally who had spent a number of years working on Thomas Edison’s X-ray light bulb. After years of work, his hair fell out and his skin erupted in lesions that wouldn’t heal. While Edison canceled the bulb, Dally continued working with X-rays. Burns on his hands became cancerous, and he had both of his arms amputated. He died in 1898 at the age of 39.