First News
Volume:7, Number:48
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Empathy or Prejudice

Study finds that music may be able to help in lessening feelings of prejudice between people from different racial backgrounds

| Mahmuda Nazneen |

Scientists are claiming that the universal language of music may have a humanizing effect and reduce feelings of prejudice between people from different racial backgrounds. Researchers recorded a mock news story featuring an Arab and an American actor playing music together. They then showed the video clip to US participants who were not Arab. The team found that when viewing the two cultures collaborating on music, individuals in the study were prone to report more positive perceptions - less of a prejudiced view - of Arabs.

It has led Jake Harwood, a professor at the University of Arizona (UA) in the US, to conclude that music would not have developed in our civilizations if it did not do very important things to us. Harwood further said that music allows us to communicate common humanity to each other. It models the value of diversity in ways you don’t readily see in other parts of our lives, he added. According to him, the benefits were notable, even when individuals did not play musical instruments themselves. Merely listening to music produced by outgroup members helped reduce negative feelings about outgroup members, he said. He explained that it is not just about playing Arab music, but if you see an Arab person playing music that merges the boundary between mainstream US and Arab, then you start connecting the two groups. The act of merging music is a metaphor for what we are trying to do:Merging two perspectives in music, you can see an emotional connection, and its effect is universal, said Farah Qadar, who was a graduate researcher at UA at the time of the research. In another study, researchers measured people’s appreciation for diversity, gauging how they felt about members of other groups. The team then asked people to listen to music from other cultures and then report how much they enjoyed the music and what they perceived of the people the music represented.

The team found that people who value diversity are more likely to enjoy listening to music from other cultures, and that act of listening furthers one’s pro-diversity beliefs. Harwood also said artists such as Eminem and Rihanna are among those who are experimenting with music that crosses cultural boundaries. He also added that we must think about music as a human, social activity rather than a sort of beautiful, aesthetic hobby and appreciate how fundamental it is to us all. It will then allow us begin to see people from other groups as more human and begin to re-categorize one another as members as the same group, he further added. The research was published in the Journal of Communication.

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