First News
Volume:7, Number:40
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Bangladesh Steps Ahead in Human Development

| Ava Tahsin |

Bangladesh has stepped up three slots in the latest Global Human Development Index (HDI) and ranks 139th among 188 countries. The Human Development Report (HDR) 2016 was released at the NEC Conference Room of the Planning Commission on April 5. In 2015’s HDI report, Bangladesh's position was 142nd among 188 countries. The General Economics Division (GED) of the Planning Commission and the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), Bangladesh, jointly organized the report unveiling in Bangladesh, following the global launch in Stockholm, Sweden, less than two weeks ago. Planning minister AHM Mustafa Kamal was the chief guest at the ceremony. According to the report, which is published annually, Bangladesh was categorized as a "medium human development" country with the HDI value standing at 0.579 in 2015 increasing from 0.545 in 2010. The HDI value of Bangladesh was 0.468 in 2000 and 0.386 in 1990, clearly showing an upward trend in human development in the country. The report also revealed a higher average annual HDI growth rate of Bangladesh (1.64 percent) during 1990-2015 compared to all other South Asian countries, including India (1.52 percent). Bangladesh ranked 5th in South Asia, falling behind Sri Lanka (73), the Maldives (105), India (131) and Bhutan (132). Norway (0.949) topped the list, while the Central African Republic (0.352) is at the bottom. Devised and launched in 1990, HDI is a measure for assessing progress in three basic dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, access to knowledge, and access to a decent standard of living. According to HDR 2016, life expectancy at birth in Bangladesh stood at 72 years, expected years of schooling at 10.2 years, and mean years of schooling at 5.2 years. The gross national income (GNI) per capita is USD3,341

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